Antarctica Added 300 Trillion Liters of Water to Oceans Since 2009, Courtesy …

25 May 2015 | Author: | No comments yet »

Cannes concludes with call-to-arms on climate change: ‘To not tackle the issue through film would be criminal’.

The Cannes film festival has ended with a question: “Now you know, what are you going to do about it?” Such are the final words of the closing night film, Ice and the Sky, which implores its audience to recognise the urgency of action required on climate change.CANNES, France – The French director who charmed the world and gained an Oscar together with his 2005 documentary “March of the Penguins” will shut the Cannes pageant on a somber word with a movie about international warming that claims not solely the penguins ought to be frightened.As I’ve written beforehand, we’ve skilled the calmest Hurricane season in 30 years, the quietest twister season in 60 years; the creation of 19,000 Manhattan islands value of sea ice, and (once more) the Arctic Ice Cap has grown by 533,000 sq. miles.

The documentary wrapped up the 68th edition by foregrounding an issue so central this year it overshadowed even the debate over whether high heels should be compulsory at premieres. There’s only a brief glimpse of a penguin this time around; here Jacquet returns to the Antarctic to tell the life story of climatologist Claude Lorius, now in his 80s, who has spent his life drilling out ice cores at enormous depth, and whose resulting analysis proved key in linking climate change and “greenhouse” gases.

Claude Lorius met his destiny at Charcot, a burrow under the ice of Antarctica, where he took the first snow crystals measures with a pioneering spirit during the International Geophysical Year, a set of coordinated research on 40 worldwide observatories in 1957. Jacquet presents his film very much as a head-on challenge to climate change deniers: by simply talking us through Lorius’ career, and the progress of his work, we understand the methodical processes by which he came to his conclusions. The movie is a portrait of the octogenarian French glaciologist Claude Lorius who, from the age of 23, made greater than 20 polar expeditions, most of them to Antarctica. Since then, his unreasonable love for Antarctica led him to frequently return to the largest desert in the world to make there major discoveries about the past and the future of the planet. Essentially, it’s a rebuttal to background-noise deniers’ complaints about flawed science: Lorius says what he found, and what it means, with calm, unflappable detachment.

Making in depth use of archival footage, the movie exhibits Lorius heading off on his first expedition to France’s Charcot base within the Antarctic, and the hazards of working in temperatures that typically plunged to -90 Celsius. We are taken through the stages: Lorius’ first trip to Antarctica to study snow; the realisation that the ratio of “light” hydrogen atoms to “heavy” in each snowflake corresponds precisely to the ambient temperature of the day of the snowfall; then decision to take core samples to study the change in temperature over time.

Jacquet decribes a rather entertaining eureka moment: when ancient ice is used for a celebratory whisky, Lorius realised the trapped air that escapes can be analysed too, for its gas content. The movie additionally accommodates an unnerving, monitoring shot that begins on what appears like an enormous expanse of polar ice however shortly exhibits the ice sagging, melting and eventually dashing out from beneath the ice cap as a turbulent stream.

James Taylor of Forbes reported that the 1979 baseline on polar ice recorded a determine with that was unusually excessive, so when some melted we didn’t actually need to panic. His findings scientifically reveal that for 100 years the temperature has risen exponentially, a rise never experienced before in history… In 2006, Luc Jacquet won the Best Documentary Oscar with La Marche de l’Empereur, and, encouraged by this global success, the director created the Wild-Touch association. As the voiceover describe’s Lorius’ deep-drilling operations – first to 900m, extracting ice around 40,000 years old; and then with the help of engineers at a remote Soviet base, to 3600m and 400,000 years – the simplicity of Jacquet’s method begins to hit home: this amassing of data makes the emotional charge of the film unanswerable.

Lorius bases this assertion on his evaluation of samples obtained by drilling hundreds of ft under the polar ice cap, a few of them as much as 800,000 years previous. At one level, he realized how far more info the samples contained when he put shavings of ice in his whisky and noticed bubbles launched — bubbles which contained air from tens of hundreds of years earlier. Born from the postwar fervor, the era of exploration in the 50s and 60s have man believe that the world belonged to him and he could dele upon it a reign supreme.

But I make fierce cinema, political cinema, cinema that has no choice.” Lorius, now 83, said he hoped that among those moved by the movie would be decision-makers attending the Cop21 summit on climate change in Paris this winter. “It’s essential. On Monday, Chariots of Fire producer David Puttnam announced a major new movie about the Arctic 30, the Greenpeace activists imprisoned in 2013 after protesting against Russian oil-drilling in the Arctic. It was, he said, a reaction to his disillusion with conventional activism and the backlash to the 2005 Climate Change Bill, which he helped oversee. “Rather late in life,” he said, “I’ve had to come to terms with the fact that the only professional tool I have at my disposal is that of a one-time producer.” Footage also premiered at the festival of Richard Branson-backed drama Chloe & Theo, starring Fifty Shades of Grey’s Dakota Johnson as a homeless woman who befriends an Inuit man who travels to New York after his Arctic hometown is submerged beneath the sea.

Charlize Theron cautioned that the drought and deserts depicted in Mad Max: Fury Road would likely become a reality unless action was taken. “What makes [the film] even scarier is that it is something like that is not far off if we don’t pull it together.” Even actors whose movies don’t directly engage with the issue appeared to be reading from the same script. Speaking to the Guardian, the actor Gabriel Byrne, whose film Louder than Bombs is freighted with generalised anxiety about the future, said there is “no greater crisis” than global warming. “If we don’t get climate change under control it doesn’t really matter what else we aspire to. It’s been just lately reported that there’s a lot sea ice round Antarctica that vessels carrying scientists and provides are having hassle reaching the analysis stations there. We need to make people aware of the real danger of annihilation.” Byrne compared the current disengagement to Third Reich Germany. “This is everyone’s responsibility. Resting nicely in a cocoon of apathy is such a betrayal of the people who come after us, if they come after us.” As well as using cinema as a consciousness-raising tool, the festival has also attempted to forge new ways to make movie production more eco-friendly.

Directors such as Bernardo Bertolucci, Wim Wenders, Walter Salles and Atom Egoyan were among those who endorsed an initiative by Film4Climate to reduce cinema’s impact on the environment. I am looking forward to see testimonies about the climate changes.” “It’s time for a global creative and influential alliance to tackle the climate crisis,” added programme manager Lucia Grenna. As Leah wrote, that is fairly “awkward timing,” and one other instance that this administration actually does not know what is going on on relating to threats to the nation.

For his part, Jacquet agreed that the innovation involved in such action could be a source of new excitement. “If everyone really tackles these issues they will cease to be issues; they will be a source of creativity. If we make a collective effort we will all be stronger after it.” Lorius echoed the optimism, saying that the spirit of collaboration – between France, Russia and the US, at the height of the cold war – which had enabled first his research served as a model for the future.

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